Bed bugs – how do you recognize them and get rid of them?

You are not alone in bed. I have already shown you in detail that mites in bed are a major problem for around 10 million allergy sufferers in Germany . They cause irritation of the mucous membranes and breathing becomes more difficult.

But it is not only mites that nestle in bed. Bed bugs can also spread on the mattress and disrupt your sleep. The bugs affect not only the group of allergy sufferers, but everyone.

The bug is after your blood. With a small prick, it sucks your blood out and as a result you will feel severe itching. If your bed is infested with a large number of bed bugs, the numerous bites can have negative health consequences. In addition to sleep disturbances , visual disturbances or skin inflammation also occur. Even allergic reactions cannot be ruled out.

Protect your bed from these dangerous bed bugs and recognize an infestation early on. In this guide you will find out how to have your bed to yourself again and how to get rid of these insects.

Bed bugs are very small animals that you can barely recognize immediately. They are only a few millimeters in size and therefore spread unnoticed in your sleeping environment.

Most likely you fall on the infestation by moving suddenly the stitches notice. These are initially very similar to the bites of mosquitoes , which also target your blood. In summer there could be a suspicion that there are mosquitoes in your bedroom.

As the cold season approaches, the mosquito bites should actually decrease. If you still don’t notice any improvement, you should consider fleas or bed bugs as the cause.

The bed bug bites spread all over the body. You have no preferred position. Nevertheless, you stab more and more where your body is uncovered while you sleep . If you wear long and thick pajamas, the bed bugs are not completely stopped, but they prefer to concentrate on the open skin areas.

Bed bugs often don’t bite just once. The bites multiply in one place , which is characteristic of the bed bug. If in doubt, a visit to the dermatologist, who can clearly assign the stitches, makes sense.


The bed bugs are only a few millimeters in size and slightly rounded and brownish in their initial state Once they have struck and soaked in blood, they will noticeably enlarge and take on a lighter color.

Unlike house dust mites, they are not located directly in the textiles, but rather in cracks or crevices. They are attracted by the smell and carbon dioxide of humans. Bed bugs actually feel more comfortable in nature and infest mammals or birds there. Bedrooms are now a preferred place to stay.

Finding the bed bugs is not that easy. They are nocturnal and hardly noticeable due to their small size. On the other hand, the traces they leave behind are clearer. This includes:

Skin remnants
Sweet smell

The sweet smell serves as a deterrent against predators. If you notice this in your bedroom, the suspicion is that bed bugs have lodged there.

The area under the mattress and bed frame are the preferred places for the bed bugs . In addition, they like to look for hiding places, for example behind a picture frame or under the chest of drawers. Examine to see if the bed bug legacies can be found there.


The actual complaints with bed bugs can be traced back to the same mechanism as with mosquito bites. When pricked, they secrete their saliva, which contains an anesthetic agent and blood coagulation . This makes it easier for the insects to suck the blood and you won’t notice anything at first. It takes a few minutes for the bed bugs to get completely soaked in blood.

In response to the sting, the body secretes histamine . This is a clear sign of an inflammatory reaction . The histamine ultimately causes local swelling and triggers the itching . More dangerous allergic reactions can rarely occur.

Bed bugs pose an additional risk, as they themselves are carriers of various pathogens . These include:

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C

Theoretically, the sting could lead to the transmission of these pathogens . Similar to certain mosquito species, bed bugs could be responsible for the spread of these diseases.

In practice, however, transmission of these pathogens from bed bugs to humans has not been proven . Transmission could only be proven from bed bugs to other animals, such as mice.

Although bed bugs are not a major threat, they still immediately disrupt your sleep. This is accompanied by the typical symptoms of insomnia and you should do everything you can to get rid of the bed bugs as soon as possible.


It is best if you take precautions in advance so that the bed bugs do not spread in your bedroom in the first place. Once you have settled in, it takes a lot of effort to get rid of them.

One of the most common ways to get bed bugs into your bedroom is by staying in a contaminated hotel. If you like to travel and tend to spend the night in simple hotels that may not be too strict with hygiene, you should be particularly careful. Examine your luggage carefully for the bedbugs’ legacies. Are there any feces or other signs on the travel mattress ?

In any case, you should wash all textiles at at least 60 ° C. Only then will you get rid of the bed bugs before they can spread throughout the bedroom. They prefer to stay in their clothes, but can basically be anywhere in your luggage. So proceed very carefully and search everything to rule out an infestation.

There are no other ways of introducing bed bugs in practice. The only way to find your way into your bedroom is to spend the night in a contaminated room.


Bed bugs are similarly resilient animals to mites. If they have spread to you, it is very difficult to get rid of them completely. So you need to be thorough and go to greater lengths to get rid of the bed bugs.

One possibility is to kill the animals with cold treatment . To do this, you can pack all the clothes and objects in which the bed bugs can reside in a plastic bag and put them in the refrigerator for a few days. The cold kills both the bedbugs and their offspring.

During washing it is important, that you, about any references from the mattress cover , the topper or the guest mattress , wash at least 60 ° C. Only at these temperatures are the bed bugs reliably removed from the laundry.

This should be the first step in trying to get rid of the bed bugs. If you recognize the infestation early on and take these measures, they can be crowned with success.

In most cases, however, disillusionment breaks in quickly. Because the bed bugs can survive for several months even without food and spread relatively quickly. Therefore, more intensive measures are necessary to remove the bed bugs from the bedroom. However, it is not advisable to use an insecticide on your own. You should leave this to the specialist .

These measures are carried out by a specialist in order to drive away the bed bugs. If you can’t get rid of it yourself, professional help is definitely necessary.


Bed bugs are more sensitive to temperature fluctuations than house dust mites, for example. The specialist uses this fact to rid your room of the pests.

For this purpose, the bedroom is heated to a temperature between 50 and 60 ° C for several hours. For this purpose, the room is well sealed beforehand and equipped with special convection ovens. After a few hours, your room is like a small sauna and the heat penetrates into all areas where the bed bug can be found.

This application turns out to be relatively gentle for your bedroom and no chemicals are used. However, you should remove all objects that are sensitive to the heat. Nevertheless, small amounts of a contact poison are used to prevent the bed bugs from simply running out of the bedroom into other rooms. This application is considered to be very promising.


If the infestation is particularly intense and you want a quick solution, the use of insecticides is suitable. These kill the bed bugs immediately and also prevent them from spreading again.

For humans, however, these remedies are not entirely harmless. It can irritate the respiratory tract and allergic reactions. Serious damage to health is not to be expected with the approved products. The funds may only be applied by a specialist and are not suitable for laypeople.

After use, it is advisable to first spend the night in another room and wait until the effect of the insecticide has returned to a tolerable level. Then the bed bug can also be reliably expelled from the bedroom with this method.


The high temperature sensitivity is not only an important tool in terms of heat in order to combat the bed bug. The opposite way, namely the cold, is also a good way to take effective action against the animals.

In the cold, however, it is not possible to cool the entire room down so much that the animals are killed. Therefore, the cold only makes sense to a limited extent locally , for example in order to specifically remove bed bugs from clothing or furniture.

Because of this limited mode of action, the cold is often used as a supplement to chemical control .


If you notice the first bites on your body , caution is advised. It could be mosquito bites or the signs of the bed bug. If you have just returned from a trip and there are actually no mosquitos to be found in your room, you should urgently visit the dermatologist to clarify the cause of the bites. If it detects a bed bug infestation, countermeasures must be taken as soon as possible.

Wash all clothing and covers in at least 60 ° C and put smaller items in the refrigerator for a few days. If the stitches persist, only a specialist can help you. Bed bugs are very sturdy animals that can spread quickly throughout the bedroom. Only the help of an exterminator will then provide a satisfactory solution.

The bed bugs like to stay under the mattress . Therefore, check very carefully whether the remains can be found there and take targeted action against the animals. However, it is best if you fight the insects early on with a thorough cleaning.

Jamie Clark

Hello, I’m Jamie Clark, 32 years old, and I have been living in the USA for a few years.
Since I was a child, I have suffered from a house dust allergy, severely affecting me. I felt the effects both while exercising and while sleeping. Constant sneezing after getting up and difficult breathing were the consequences. The allergy has also developed into asthma, which is still a sporting restriction today.

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